A cool season, perennial, smooth bladed grass that is drought resistant and was first introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. Used for early pastures and haying. The pH is best suited at 6.0-7.5 with some degree of salinity tolerance. Bromegrasss can withstand periods of drought but responds well to irrigation. Mixed with alfalfa it provides a high quality forage. It can be interseeded with other grasses. It can be used in naturalized meadow plantings for conservation and erosion control.
Because of its highly developed root system, smooth bromegrass is resistant to temperature extremes and drought. It grows best on deep, well-drained silt or clay loam but may also establish itself in sandier soils. The forage quality of smooth bromegrass is higher than that of most other cool-season grasses such as orchardgrass or tall fescue; crude protein levels in smooth bromegrass often exceed 12% if it is harvested in the boot stage.
Smooth bromegrass recovers poorly from cutting. This leads to lower yields after a first cutting and poor seasonal distribution of yield. In addition, older stands may easily become dense and sod-bound, resulting in markedly lower productivity.